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P4PHM >> About Us


The Wildlife Conservation Act

In December 2010, Malaysia passed the Wildlife Conservation Act 2010, Act 716 (WCA 2010 Act 716,) to replace the outdated Protection of Wild Life Act 1972, Act 76 (PWA 1972 Act 76). The WCA 2010 Act 716 is much needed wildlife law because the previous law had not been sufficiently foresighted in dealing with trafficking––at one stage the second most illicit trade in the world––nor does it even provide for "zoo licenses."

However, from June to August 2011, barely six months into the new law, authorities conducted a series of seizures of animals at zoos across the country on the pretense of enforcing new regulations to improve the welfare of animals in captivity. Yet, these Regulations on Zoo Operations would not be passed until January 2012 and the new law was a non-retrospective one.

Amongst the more pertinent "improvements" were the requirement for "zoo licenses," commercial breeding licenses, minimum enclosure sizes and tagging of wildlife, amongst others.

Formation of the P4PHM

However, in June 2011, barely six months into the new law, authorities commenced a series of confiscations of animals––without warrant––from private zoos on the pretense of enforcing new regulations to improve the welfare of animals in captivity. Yet, those regulations exist until February 2012.

Subsequently, the Department of Wildlife & National Parks (PERHILITAN) gave zoos six months to comply to new regulations, which in turn had not been put through adequate consultation nor engagement with industry stakeholders. At the time, all zoos had been in operation prior to December 2010: some for more than 20 years. A 6-month grace period would have been impossible for any zoos to meet this unrealistic deadline. An example would be a major zoo's effort of two years to microchip just 80%of its wildlife collection, let alone six months. Microchipping, or other forms of "wildlife tagging," is provided for under Section 45 of the WCA 2010 Act 716.

Therefore the P4PHM was born out of a need to engage the NRE Ministry for the fairer enforcement of new laws and regulations.

Engaging the NRE and PERHILITAN

The P4PHM first engaged the NRE Ministry in July 2012 and last held discussions with the NRE in March 2013 (twice). Several meetings were conducted by the DWNP between those dates but did not produce any satisfactory progress.

Engagement continues...

Future Concerns

The Department of Veterinary Services (DVS) has also tabled the Animal Welfare Bill that will certainly impact certain industry stakeholders.

While the P4PHM has no objections over better and more stringent rules to enhance welfare of captive animals, it is nevertheless concerned with the duplicity of functions and/or regulations by two separate authorities.

Clarification is currently being sought.

Updated April 7, 2013
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